Infectious disease outbreaks and epidemics are increasing in frequency, scale and impact. Healthcare facilities can amplify the transmission of emerging infectious diseases or multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) within their environment and community. Therefore, evidence-based infection prevention and control (IPC) measures in healthcare settings are essential to prevent and contain outbreaks, while continuing to provide safe, effective and quality healthcare. This toolkit is intended to support improvements in IPC for outbreak management in all such facilities, public and private, across the health system. Specifically, this document systematically describes a framework of general principles for addressing the preparedness, preparedness and response phases of outbreak management. The document also provides a toolkit of links to resources to guide specific actions for each phase of managing infectious disease and/or MDRO outbreaks in any healthcare setting. This document is specifically tailored for an audience of stakeholders who establish and monitor IPC programs at the healthcare facility level, including: IPC focal points, epidemiologists, public health experts, outbreak response incident managers , facility-level IPC committee(s), security and quality. leaders and managers, and other IPC stakeholders at the facility level.
This document is the complement at the establishment level of a broader document developed by the WHO Health Emergencies Program for stakeholders at the national level: