In the weeks following the Russian invasion, Ukrainians fled their homes at a pace not seen in Europe since World War II. That exodus has slowed, but this week has reminded us that the movement of humanity sparked by the Russian invasion continues. And the numbers are staggering.
In less than six months, more than 12 million people have left their homes in Ukraine. The United Nations, which keeps these statistics, reports that these millions are roughly split between those currently living in other parts of Europe – some 6.2 million Ukrainian refugees fall into this category – and 6.3 million Ukrainians “internally displaced” – that is, those who have fled their homes to seek refuge and safety in another part of their country.
Considering that the pre-war Ukrainian population was around 42 million, these figures mean that around 30% of Ukrainians left their homes and did not return. Mind-boggling, indeed.
Grid reports are based on the best data and reports available; in some cases we explained a range of numbers or why we chose one over another. We originally published this document on March 24 and will update it every Thursday as long as the war persists.
Civilians killed: at least 5,300 (probably thousands more)
On June 7, a Ukrainian official said that at least 40,000 Ukrainian civilians had been killed or injured since the start of the war. The official offered no breakdown of dead versus injured. The UN’s latest estimate of the number of civilians killed is over 5,300, but it consistently adds that this figure is an underestimate, as is its estimate of the total number of casualties – a combination of dead and injured – given to over 10,000. (updated Aug 3; source, source)
Ukrainian soldiers killed: 10,000–11,000
On June 10, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky’s top advisers estimated that 10,000 Ukrainian soldiers had been killed since the start of the war. US intelligence officials estimated the number of 5,500 to 11,000 Ukrainian soldiers killed since the invasion. Also on June 10, a presidential adviser said Ukraine was losing up to 200 soldiers every day. (updated 15 June; source, source)
Russian soldiers killed: 1,351–38,000
Ukraine has raised its estimate of the number of Russian soldiers killed in the conflict to 38,000. NATO has estimated Russian troop losses at between 7,000 and 15,000. Russian officials have previously claimed 1,351 troop losses, although that spokesman Dimitry Peskov said there had been “significant losses of troops, and this is a huge tragedy for us”. (updated 16 July; source, source, source)
Russian generals killed: 8 to 13
Retired Russian general reportedly shot down over Luhansk at the end of May — by Ukraine counts the 13th Russian general to be killed in Ukraine. Earlier, the Defense Intelligence Agency reported that between eight and ten Russian generals were killed in Ukraine. Grid’s Tom Nagorski and Joshua Keating previously reported possible explanations for this “inconceivable” record: poor communications and command and control structures within the Russian military. (updated 25 May; source, source)
Total displaced Ukrainians: at least 12 million
There are currently more than 6.3 million Ukrainian refugees reported in other European countries. UN data indicates that more than 10 million people have crossed the border since the start of the war, but millions have returned home, largely from Poland, as reported by Nikhil Kumar and Kseniia Lisnycha. The International Organization for Migration’s latest survey of internally displaced Ukrainians in late June found that more Ukrainians were returning home from Ukraine, but more than 6 million remain displaced. (updated 3 August; source, source)